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       (Aristotle) ѡѪҡͧǡաҳ ûͧкͺЪҸԻкͺûͧշش 繡ûͧǹ·ش ;ԨóҨҡСȤɮ㹡¹ŧкͺûͧẺ繡ûͧкͺЪҸԻ ѹ 24 Զع¹ 2475 88 ա͹ ػ㹻Сȹ鹵ͧʴҡûͧкͺóҭԷҪդͺ кͺҴ¶¤عç ШҡѴ繵 ûͧͧ¨֧١¡ҹ ûͧкͺЪҸԻ (Democracy) ͹觹ҹ» ੾лᶺûѹҧ 觷ҹҨ繡ûͧкͺЪҸԻ (1) ûСѰ٭Ѻá¡ ҪѭѵԸ٭ûͧ蹴ԹǤ طѡҪ 2475 Сѹ 27 Զع¹ 2475 (2) աèѴ͡駢繤áѹ 15 Ȩԡ¹ 2476 ҹ 88 աͧкͺЪҸԻ¡ѧҴ ͧ մѪժѴӤѭ͡Ѱ 13 СèѴѰ٭ҹҨ֧Ѩغѹӹǹ 20 Ѻ

       ͧ·ҹջѭҷùѡ˹ ӵͺҨ҅ ҪԡҼ᷹ɮ˹ҷͧͧջԷҾ ͓ѰźҪ蹴Թ織 Ҫäѻѹ ѡͧѺҪäѻѹ ͡Ẻк͡ͺ⨷Է͡駢ͧЪҪ ЪҪ/Է͡˹ѡ֧ԷԢͧͧ Ҿ к Ք ͨ աѰǷء 紻·ͧҴͧ

      ʺóʹҡ 15 շǹǢͧѺèѴ͡ .. (㹻 2544) .. ( 2543) Ҫԡҷͧм÷ͧ (㹻 2546) ͹ءҸԡҼ᷹ɮز ÷Ԩ¡͡駷 .. .. зͧ ¹ҡ͡ 繨ش鹢ͧӹҨ ͹ӹҨӴѺѴ

      ͡кͺЪҸԻẺ᷹ (Representative Democracy) ѧѰ٭Ѻ 2540 ա͡ .. Ẻ (..Ẻࢵ Ѻ ..Ẻѭª) ͡ .. (繡͡µç Ẻҧ͡駡Ѻ) ա͡駼÷ͧµç к͡駢ͧѧẺ ṹ٧ش (the-first-past-the-post) 繼骹С͡ աкҧǹҹ к㨧 բ¤ͤṹͧѤ÷ṹӴѺͧŧҨж١෷ 㹡͡駷Ѥ÷դ ѹդṹ١෷ (ҧ¡ṹ駹) 繨ӹǹҡ 仴кա 2 к кѴǹ Ѻ к ¡к (ҧṹ§٧شࢵ͡駼ѺẺѴǹ) ͧ¡ѧջѭ

      ҧѺ͡ 仡˹ͧеѰ٭ѺѰ٭ èЧ¡ ͧҡ ҡͧ Թ ҧҧǡ֧ѺʹغͧСѺѰ٭ (ͻѺ¹繤еҡѰ٭) ѧ ҡԨóһԷҾͧͧеʹҡ 20 շҹ ͧṹ֧ࡳҹҧ3 ҹ

      ͡ѺҾԨóҶ֧˵آͧ÷Ѱ㹡ҧ¡ԡѰ٭ ʶҺѹͧҧ 㹻 2549 2557 ҹ ǹҧ֧áзӢͧѡͧѰ㹢й ҴԷҾ ա÷بԵҧ դعçҴ4 ͧ¨֧ѧǹ觡ʶҾա˹ աԡѰ٭ ʶҺѹҧͧ ШѴѰ٭ Ǩͧ͡ èѴѰ աѰҡúçҹ оԡѰ٭ (觶١ա׺ӹҨͧззѰ) ʹաѰ٭¡ҧѰ٭ ԡĵóҧͧ ѧա͡駷ٻẺͧûͧкͺЪҸԻ ôԹ㹽¹ԵԺѭѵԡ䢻ѭҢͧЪҪ ͡㹡úû͡èѴӧҳѧҨ觪֧ö㹡䢻ѭоѲһѴѺ ¾ԨóҨҡѪժѴҡŷ͡ ҷ ѪժѴҾѡɳ÷بԵ (Corruption Perception Index : CPI) Ѫդöҧ觢ѹдѺš 4.0 (Global Competitiveness Index: GCI 4.0) ͧ World Economic Forum : WEF ͡Դ´ҹҳ (Open Budget Index :OBI) դöǨͺ 繵

      ѭҷµͧáûٻ 駴ҹçҧ кҹ͡кǹ Ф µͧ仾 ѹ лٻçҧ кҹ͡кǹѲҡ ;Ѳкҹ͡кǹҹѺçҧѲҤԴҡѡ зشѲҤͧաкǹҹ෤շ 駾Ѳçҧ þѲСûٻԴҡ ֧ҧ觷ͧѲҤ¡ҧͧҹкǹ֡ҷءдѺ (civic education) лЪҪ 繾ͧ ѡԴ Ȩҡäͺ դѺԴͺ駵͵ͧǹ ǹ͡ԨҸó ѡԷз˹ҷ 繼þлԺѵԵԡҢͧѧ繸 ѡТͧ蹹¡ ͧ秢ѹ (active citizen) 5

      »ȷͧҧҡҹЪҸԻ ͧʶҾ 觨мԴ͡͡ŵ͡þѲһ ˾ѹҸóѰ ҸóѰ ԧ ҸóѰԹ 繵 ͧա鹡֡ҷҧͧЪҪ Сͧ繡кǹ÷繡Ӥѭ㹡þѲһ ¡ҧͧҧ繢繵͹Ѻ硵 ੾硪ǧ 2-6 շҡҹͧþѲҤ㹪ǧµ 㹢зѧҴਵФҨԧҨѧ㹡ҧͧ Ҵѡٵá֡ҧͧ 駡ӤѭѺ֡ҷҧͧ㹪ǧա͡ ٵҧҡ͡ ͺ. 觼ҹѹ 20 ѹҤ 2563 . 觻§èѴ͡ ӤѭѺ֡ҷҧͧ (political education) Թ Шҡÿѧ§ЪҪɳ͢ǷҧʶҹԷ÷ȹªͧ Ͷ֧ҴѧѺǹ¡ ͺ.Ҫԡ ͺ.Ѻ͡駡ѡеͧҾѲҷͧ蹢ͧͧ ͧçҧ鹰ҹ 俿ҧ ҧ չӻл ӹͧ 褹ǹ˭ѧ֧ҹ㹤ѺԴͺԧͧ ͺ. ͧҡ鹷ѺԴͺͧ ͺ. ;鹷駨ѧѴ (ҪúǹҤ) վ鹷Ѻ͹Ѻͧûͧǹͧ蹤 Ⱥ (ͧѷ) ͺ. Сáҧ оҹѧӹҨͧ駡ҧǧ Сҧǧ (ѧѴҪǹҧ) ͧ俿ҡ繧ҹͧ俿ǹҤ ͧлҡ繧ҹͧûлǹҤ(հҹѰˡԨ)

      ֡ҷҧͧͧ˭ ҧ¡Ǻҹ ͡价˹ҷ ͡ѹҧ١ͧ ҧաѹ put the right man to the right job ͡餹СѺҹ ÷᷹ɮ÷ӧҹ (ҧ Ǻ÷ӧҹͧº) ŧҹ¹ԵԺѭѵԢҴسҾ ɹѡͧǤ繸 ͡駷ԷԡӤѭ äͧ(Сúþä) ͧѺԴͺ Шáèд 餹դسҾ˹ ˹աá 俿ŧѤ ѧѺ͡駔 Ѻ繡ôŹǺҹԷ͡ҧ6

      ·شǶҡͧѧѴ֧˹·觼ŵ͡þѲһ öҧ觢ѹŴŧ þѲҡ֡ҡѺ ¡ͧҼӻȪԴ ԹҢǔ 觷¢ҴͶͨҡҹһ þѲ դسҾ繾ͧسҾ觼ѧͧ͹Ҥ ҡẺѲҧͧͧ Almond & Verba ҡѧջЪҪ ª (parochial) (subject) ҡ ͧ (participant) ͡һȹѧ鹡ͧѧѺ˹ ѧ ֧ͧѡѹԴҧͧվͧ秢ѹ (Active Citizen) ҹͧ ͧʶҾաþѲһЪҸԻẺ᷹դسҾö仼ѡѹþѲһȵ


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1 Blockdit ЪҸԻͧͧŔ ׺鹨ҡ : https://www.blockdit.com/posts/5fd9fa786361270caae69e0c ѹ 22 ѹҤ 2563.

2 آԨ ŧó줳ɮÔ ҹšͧûͧ, ʶҺѹл.

3 ѷ ѧä Ф §ҹԨͧ Թš÷ӧҹͧͧеѰ٭ : С ͡駔 ʶҺѹл, 2548.

4 СȤлٻûͧкͺЪҸԻѹվҡѵç繻آ (.) 19 ѹ¹ 2549 лСȤѡҤʧº觪ҵ (ʪ) ѹ 22 Ȩԡ¹ 2557.

5 ʹͧѺǤԴẺͧͧ ( KIND OF CITIZEN ) ͧ JOEL WESTHEIMER (׺ : HTTP://THAICIVICEDUCATION.ORG/TH/JOEL-WESTHEIMER/. ѹ 23 ѹҤ 2563 Ѳҧͧͧ ALMOND & VERBA ҧ ӹѡԪҡ ӹѡҹŢҸԡҼ᷹ɮ ѲЪҸԻ” (׺鹨ҡ HTTPS://LIBRARY2.PARLIAMENT.GO.TH/EJOURNAL/CONTENT_AF/2559/SEP2559-1.PDF ѹ 23 ѹҤ 2563).

6 Ǿä»С觼Ѥ㹡͡駼Ҫáا෾ҹ ͻ 2556 ׺鹨ҡ : https://pantip.com/topic/30028970 ѹ 23 ѹҤ 2563.
 


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