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ҷͧӵǤԴͧԹ

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      ѧ᷺ͧء˹ء觵ҧҼӷ صԸ դö йӾһԭͧ ԡĵ öѰ鹨ҡѹ·駻ǧ 仵Ҽӷʹմѧ˹ кͺЪҸԻ¡ҡѺк͡ ͡Ẻк͡駨ФԴ֧繹? ҡ˹ еͧ件СüҧѰ٭ҹ

      ҧá ջ˹觷شͧз觷ǹ˵ءóҧ ѧͧ 蹤 Ӥѭͧ Ҫ

      ҹиҹҸԺԹ ӤѭѺͧҧҡ (ҡش) ҹ¾ٴ ءҧ ҡЪҪʹѺʹع һЪҪʹѺʹع شó öؼ й ԴѴҧѰҧ˹Ѱҧ ͧк Сʧ㹷ش 㹻 .. 1861 ҹиҹҸԺաСʧ˵ؼŹ ҧ˵ؼŷջҡ ͧѰѰ Сʧ¡ǨҡѰ ֧ͧʧͺ ѡҤҾ (Ѱԡ) ѧ Թ칤ԴҪѧзʧͻŴ· 㹻 .. 1861 ͨз觵鹻 .. 1863 ֧Сԡ

      ҧá ӷ觡ö Ҵ١ʤ֡֡Դͧ餹ѧ ǹ˭ ҧ Ҫ ѧҹԹ㹻ѵԡõҧͧͧҹ ǧ͹Ѻ͡繻иҹҸԺ ѧ

      Ҫѧ֡ͧ价ѰԹѰԡ ҷաѺزҪԡѡ 㹪ǧóç͡ز .. 1858 㹻ͧ 繡ҷʶҹҧ ѰԹ ҡ˹ҤҧҤ ѻ շ 7 駴¡ѹ з§ͧԹ繷ѡǻ

      ʵ࿹ ѡ زҪԡҡäõ ѰԹ ش׹ͧäõй ͧк ѡǤԴ͹ҧǡ ѡõѴԹ㨢ͧЪҪѰ ͡Ҩк?

      ǹäվѺԡѹ 觨Ѵ駢 Թ繤Ӥѭ˹㹡èѴѰԹ չºµ͵ҹк й 駺Ƿաóç§͡زҪԡ .. 1858 ֧駡ѹ㹻繹

      ѺԹ ҧش׹Ӣѭѧ֡ͧ价ѰԹ Ѱ Ѱԡ ѧҡҷդӤѭ 蹡

      A house divided against itself cannot stand - ҹ͹ᵡ¡ѹ öç - (ҡ͹ͧૹ ૹ)

      ¤ ҾѰŹöçʹ˹հҹ繷 ա˹հҹժ

      ҾҡҴԴҤʹѧǨ ҾҤҴѧҨش駡¹ ҡʶҹҾҧ˹ ͧʶҹҾçѹ ҧҧ˹觔 (˹ 198 ҡ˹ѧ Team of Rivals, Doris Kearns Goodwin)

      ҡóç§駹 ԹѺṹ§ʹѺʹعҡЪҪѰԹҡʵ࿹ ѡ к͡زҪԡ ṹ§ҡŧṹͧҪԡѰ ʵ࿹ ѡ ṹԹ硹 ѡʡѺزҪԡ ǹԹ ͡زҪԡ ա 2 բҧ˹ ա͡駻иҹҸԺ Թ침ŧѤä駹 ШЪФṹҧ´

      㹪ǧ 2 ҧ .. 1858-1860 Թ칡Թҧ任Ѱҧ ҧҤѹͧ͡Ѱ ҧ§Фṹ

      ػ ѡâͧԹ ҷ·˭شѺѧЪҸԻ ҧ ѷ ͧҸó㹻繷ʹ ѧӡǢͧҹ ҡѺ§ʹѺʹعҡҪ áԨ㴨 ҡȨҡʹѺʹعҡҪ è (˹ 206 ǡѹ)

      ǤԴѡâͧԹ - ӷ˭褹˹觢ͧš ѡͧ ѡԪҡ شóҧѧ ҸԻ - ͻЪҸԻ·ִѡبԵ§ ִ§Ѻҧ¡ҧ 繵ǹ ҨӤѭþѲҡ֡ҢͧǪѧ˭ ԸշջԷҾ С֡ҹ ҴԹ١Ըաö騹 ҧ͹Ҥ ʹҧԵԭҳͧѧ͹Ҥ Թ价ҧ Թ价ҧ ִͨѺҧ¡ҧ աԸմ¡ѹ駹

      ѧӡǢͧѡѵʵ лҪҧѧͧ ҡ ͷء դͧѵʵͧš ǤԴҧͧ 2,000 ֧Ѩغѹ Ҩлͧѹҧ ҨѹҧҧѲ¸ ѵʵͧ ҡ 2475 ֧ѨغѹǧغҷԴ鹫 ҡ Ф-Ǫ ¹èҡͧʹյ з¹èҡʹյ ͹ з͹ Ҩйº¢ͧѰ˹ Ѵਹ ТҴټ͹

      ҢҴ˹ Ǫ-駼˭ ѡ·㨤¢ͧкͧѲ 㨢鹵͹ͧþѲ §ͧӾٴѹТͧиҹҸԺԹ ЪҸԻ кͺͧ ûͧͧЪҪ »ЪҪ ͻЪҪ 㨡кǹ÷ӤӢѭѹо駴ѧҤԺѵҧ? Ѻ˹觷ç˹ зԶաôԹԵͧͧѹҨТѴ͹駡ѺԶժԵЪҸԻҧ? ʹš觤繨ԧ ûѹѰԡҡѡùûԺѵԵԶշҧͧͧ դ ЪҸԻóẺ 㹪Եԧҡ

      й Ҩж֧Ƿзǧ֡ҸԡСзǧش֡ Էʵ Ԩ йѵ еͧԨóҧԧѧ ͻѭҡèѴ֡ҧʶҹûоĵԻԺѵѧЪҸԻ (Ẻ¡ҧ) дѺҹ ӹѡҹ ʶҹ֡ дѺзǧ ǧ ʹٻẺͧѰ ûСͺͧ ʹ·Ǣͧ ¾äͧ ҴҤ-ͧõҧ ʹ͡Ẻѡٵá͹дѺշ 1-2 дѺش֡ з觶֧͹غ֡ дѺèطԸըѴҧ 駡ŵҷҧѧʵǢͧѺͧǢͧõкͺͧûͧѧǢͧҹһ 駻

      ػ Ҩ繡ûٻ֡Ҥ駷 3 Ѵҡûٻ駷 2 .. 2541-2542 繡ûٻҧͧ㨺Ժͧͧ-Ѳ ҡʹյ֧Ѩغѹ кԺͧͧ㹻ȵѹ-ѹ͡ դ 㨢ʹ-ʹ ͧкͧ-ûͧẺ ФԴҹ˹ҧѺкŧ㹺Ժͧѧ ͹˹ ҹҧ觷էҡʹյ Ѻ觷էšѨغѹ

      繵ͧ¹Ẻͧ Ҥ͡ẺѺѲͧ ҡдѺ¾ͻԺѵ ͡ʡþѲдѺ鹷ѺѺ͹֡͡Ңͧͧ¡дѺФسҾͧͧ٧

      ֧ѧҨӷҧ֡ҷͧó ѷкͺЪҸԻҡͷз෷ѾҡáԹкؤ¡дѺ Դ зѡСûԺѵԵԶժԵشóЪҸԻ¡ҧ¾ط
 


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