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͡駷ͧ蹺ҹԷԵѰ٭

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ǹ˭ѡеդ ЪҸԻ” ա͡ С͡繡ʴ֧͡ԷԾͧ ԷԷҧͧ ;ԨóҨҡԭҡҴԷª (Universal Declaration of Human Rights UDHR) 2 к ؤŪͺԷҾдշк㹻ԭҳ 駹 աèṡᵡҧͧ ͪҵ ռ ʹ 繷ҧͧ ͷҧ ҵѧѹ繷 ѾԹ Դ ʶҹ ͡ҡ èṡᵡҧŰҹʶҹзҧͧ ҧ ͷҧҧȢͧʹԹᴹ觺ؤѧѴ з 駹 ҴԹᴹѧǨ͡Ҫ㹤Էѡ 黡ͧͧèӡѴ͸Ի ѡԷԾͧ (Civil Rights) 軯ԭҴѧǹŧ Ҿͺ衮¡˹ Է㹡öͤͧԷѾԹǹؤ (property rights) Է㹡õ͵ҹӹҨͺͧѰ (rights of resistance) Է㹡õǨͺӹҨѰ ԷԢͧͧ (rights of the accused) ԷԷҾͧؤ Ҿ㹡ʴ͡ Ҿ㹤 Է㹷ѾԹ Է㹡кǹصԸ Է㹡кǹصԸᵡҧҡԷ ԷѺõ餴׹ѹԷԢͧͧ㹰ҹоͧҧҤѺؤ ǹԷԷҧͧ (Political Rights) ͧͧá˹ਵӹͧͧ (self-determination) ¡ǹ㹡úçҹͧѰµç Է͡駺ؤ繵᷹»Ȩҡá᫧ҡؤ (free voting) ͡駨֧ͧ仵 (periodic election) ա͡§· (in general) 衮¡˹ ˹觤˹§ (one man one vote) ʴҤ 繡ŧṹѺ (secret voting) ѡСѹʴਵբͧ͡

ǹ;ٴ֧ԷԡѺ͡駷ͧǴҴ¡ûͧǹͧ蹵Ѱ٭˹´ §ѡӤѭ§ҵǤ ҵ 252 ѭѵ

Ҫԡҷͧ蹵ͧҨҡ͡

÷ͧҨҡ͡Ҩҡ繪ͺͧҷͧ㹡ó ͧûͧǹͧٻẺ Ը蹡 ͧӹ֧֧ǹͧЪҪ 駹 衮ºѭѵ

سѵԢͧԷ͡мԷѤѺ͡ ѡࡳԸա͡ Ҫԡҷͧм÷ͧ 仵衮ºѭѵ 觵ͧӹ֧֧ਵ㹡ûͧѹлҺ÷بԵǷҧѭѵѰ٭”

¤ Է͡Է͡Ҫԡҷͧ ǹ÷ͧ蹨Ҩҡ ͡µçͧЪҪ Ҩҡ繪ͺͧҷͧ蹡衮ºѭѵ ºѭѵԔ ¶֧Ҵ¡èѴͧûͧǹͧ蹷ٻẺ (ͺ. Ⱥ ͺ. ا෾ҹ ͧѷ) СҴ¡͡Ҫԡҷͧͼ÷ͧ ѧѭѵҢͧ÷ͧҨҡ͡µçͧЪҪ

ǹͧԷ 鹵ͧ仴Ǵ 3 ԷҾͧǧ ҵ 27 ͧͧԷԪ˭ԧ ǹᵡҧѭҵ Ǥ Է͡駵ͧѭҵ ҡѭҵ¡ŧѭҵ ͧѭҵ¡һ 繵Ҥ Է͡駵ͧӡԺỴѹ͡ (ҡѵûЪҪ 觺ؤŷ 7 ͧ价ӺѵûЪҪӹѡҹ¹ӹѡҹ¹ͧ蹡ѹ) ǹͧش¤ (蹷 ж蹷Ҩ繷价ҡԹ ֡¹ ժ㹷¹ҹա˹) ¡˹ ժ㹷¹ҹࢵ͡ҵԴ͡ѹ¡˹觻չѺ֧ѹ͡駔 㹡óշժ㹷¹ҹࢵ͡˹ ͧա˹ ͧѺŧṹ͡ࢵ͡駢ͧͧûͧǹͧ蹷赹ͧժ㹷¹ҹú 1 ͧҡ͡駷ͧաŧṹ͡ǧ˹ҹ͡ࢵ͡

͡ҡԷԵѰ٭ ЪҪԷ͡ѧ˹ҷҵ 50 ͧѰ٭ҪҳҨѡ¡˹ ؤ˹ҷѧ仹...(7) Է͡ŧЪҧ¤ӹ֧֧ªǹͧӤѭ... ¤ á˹蹹 ŧṹ͡ԷԔ 繓˹ҷ Ҩҡŧṹ͡駶١ѧѺҵͧŧṹ͡ Ѱ٭ѺվطѡҪ 2550 ҵ 72 ѭѵ

ؤ˹ҷԷ͡
ؤūԷԷ˵ѹ÷ҨԷ ѺԷ ԷԵ衮ºѭѵ
˵طҨ͡Сӹ¤дǡ㹡͡ 仵 ºѭѵԔ


Ѱ٭ҪҳҨѡ طѡҪ 2560 Ǵ 4 ˹ҷǧ ҵ 50 ˹Է͡˹ҷ ˹ ҡЪҪԷ͡Է͡駨еͧ١ӡѴԷԷҧúҧ (ҧҡѰ٭վطѡҪ 2550) Ǵ 7 Ѱ ǹ 2 Ҽ᷹ɮ ҵ 95 ä ѭѵ Է͡駫Է͡˵ѹҪѭѵԻСͺѰ٭Ҵ¡͡ҪԡҼ᷹ɮ Ҩ١ӡѴԷԺҧСõ衮ºѭѵԔ СͺѺ;Ԩóҵҵ 252 ͧѰ٭ѭѵԡèӡѴԷԷԺҧС ҧá Ҵ¡͡Ҫԡҷͧͼ÷ͧ .. 2562 ҵ 42 ѭѵ Է͡駼Է͡˵طҨԷ͡ ˵طҨԷ͡˵ع˵ѹ 鹶١ӡѴԷ ѧ仹

(1) ѤѺ͡ҪԡҼ᷹ɮ Ҫԡҷͧм÷ͧ ѤѺ͡Ҫԡز

(2) ѤѺ͡繡ӹѹм˭ҹҴѡɳлͧͧ

(3) Ҫͧʹ͹Ҫԡҷͧͼ÷ͧ蹵Ҵ ŧṹ§Ͷʹ͹Ҫԡҷͧͼ÷ͧ

(4) ç˹觢ҪáͧҴºҪáͧ ҪѰҽ¡ͧҴºҪѰ

(5) ç˹ͧ÷ͧ Ţҹءü÷ͧ Ţҹءü ͧ иҹ֡Ҽ÷ͧ ֡Ҽ÷ͧ ͤз֡Ҽ÷ͧ Ҵ¡èѴͧûͧǹͧ

(6) ç˹Ţҹءûиҹҷͧ Ţҹءûиҹҷͧ Ţҹءͧиҹҷͧ蹵Ҵ¡èѴͧûͧǹͧ

èӡѴԷԵä˹ ա˹ҤͧչѺѹ͡駤駷Է͡ Է͡ ҡ㹡͡駤駵仼Է͡ա ѺҡèӡѴԷԤѧ¹ѺҡѹԷ͡駤 ҡ˹ҡèӡѴԷԤ駡͹ ѧ˹ҡèӡѴԷԹشŧ

¤ Է㹡ŧṹ͡駷ͧաúѭѵѰ٭ҨйԷͨӡѴԷҧ 衮ӴѺͧ͡Ҵ¡͡Ҫԡҷͧм÷ͧ (͡ҵ 252 ͧѰ٭) պѭѵԶ֧¢ͧԷ͡§ŧṹ͡駴 ֧բѧࡵҤᵡҧͧúѭѵԤѧ躹ҹԷԷѰ٭˹͹Ѻ͡дѺҵ

кǹ͡駷ͧ蹺ҹԷԵѰ٭֧ѡɳФ¤֧Ѻ͡ҪԡѰ (¡鹡óա÷ѤѺ͡駵ͧѧѴäͧ) 駷¢稨ԧ ҹͧѹѺҧ öͺʹͧͧâͧЪҪ㹪µç á˹Ըա͡駷ͧ蹨֧ա÷ǹ仵Զժ ᷹繺ؤŷѺѧ͡öѧѹҧآ
 


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