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¡дѺسҾ͡” ŧṹ͡Ẻ˹

ҵ ժ


      ŧṹ ¡ҹ ͹繡㹡ͺ͡÷ͺҧҧ˹ ¡㹡͡駤繡ùѺռ͡͡Ѥä㴤˹ ֧繡ԷԷҧͧͧЪ դسҧѺͧͧȹ Ըա͡͡ŧṹؤ͹ շ駡͡ҧǹѺӹǹТҧ ˹ͧ繷¢ͧѤФ ˹˹ͧͧ繢ͧѤä ͡Թ赹ͧ͡ ԸẺԸաԴ 蹵ͧդ·駼Ѥ м͡

Ըաŧṹ͡

      . ѵ͡駷繡д (Paper-based methods) ԸдԸա÷价ЪҪ¡Ѻŧṹ͡駷ͧʴਵ͡ѤѺ͡ ŧṹѵ͡Ҩͧ ¹ͤ ¹ͧ͢Ѥ÷ͧ͡

      . ͧŧṹ (Machine voting) ͧŧṹ ҨͧŷӴµͧ ( ѹ¡ͧ) 硷͹ԡ 㹺ҫ ŧṹͼѤ÷ʧŧṹ ׹ѹ͡ṹ§ҾͧѤä͡鹻ҡҾͧͧŧṹ

      . ŧṹҹкԹ Online voting 㹺ҧ ˹Է͡ö͡§ŧṹк͹Ź ˹㹻á ŧṹ͡͹Ź 繤á㹡͡駷ͧ .. (.. 2005)

      . кɳ (Postal voting) »͹حҵŧṹ͡§͡觺ѵ͡价ҧɳ ͹Ѻṹ͡

      . ѵ͡ẺԴ (Open ballot) ԸաõçѹѺŧṹѺ ͡§ºѵẺԴ¡зӡѹ㹷Ҹó ѡµͧ ҧ к Landsgemeinde Ź 觶١˹¡ûͧҴ (¡ cantons Ѻ) Appenzell Innerrhoden, Glarus, Grisons and Schwyz

      . Ը (Other methods) ҷ ͡§ŧṹдԹ١Թ͹ Ըաù١㹻 .. 1965 Ѻ鹷ջѭҡҹ͡¹ (illiteracy) ˹͡駨նѧзբͧäͧеѭѡɳ ٻ¢ͧѤûԴ ŧṹѺ١Թ͹͹ŧ㹶ѧͧѤ㹤ͧ ͹ŧ㹶ѧǡ͡§ŧŧṹաâ鹷¹ѹ

Ըաŧṹͧ

      Ѻ͡駻 繵 ѵ͡駷繡д㹡ŧṹ͡駷˹͡ աûСѰ٭ҪҳҨѡ طѡҪ աԷЪҪ㹵ҧöŧṹ͡ҪԡҼ᷹ɮҪѭѵԻСͺѰ٭Ҵ¡͡ҪԡҼ᷹ɮҪԡز (Ѻ ) .. ֧ӡŧṹҧɳ1 ҧá Сá͡駷աèѴ駢鹵Ѱ٭¹ŧèѴӺѵ᷹͡¡ЩѺ ѺԷ͡駵ͧ¹ŧ鹢Ǻѵ͡駴繡׹ѹǵͧԷԹͧ ͧҡѰ٭պѭѵԷ͡駵ͧԷԺҧС繡ŧ

      ǹ÷ͧ͡Ѥͧŧṹ͡Ѥä ѧԷ͡駷ͧ¡ҡҷ ( x ) 㹵ҧȡҡẺ㹡÷ͧ ҷ () / () x () o (кǧ ) () ¹Ţѡɳ§ӴѺѤ÷赹͡ () ¹ͼѤ÷赹͡ 繵

      ͡ҡʹյҹҢͧѧաþѵ͡ǹͧѤФẺ ѵٻյŢըشҵŢ ੾еŢШӵǼѤ (շҨӹǹѤҡ ¾ٻ) 駵ŢʡżѤͧ¾ä 繵 þѵ͡駷ҹҾǹҧ աͺѧѴѵͧ (繺ѵ੾ࢵ͡)

Ըաŧṹ͹Ҥ

      öҢͧ෤մԨԷźǡѺзҧԹͧȷŧعѺ͡駷Ф¡ѹҹҷ äԴ͡Ẻ͡ҹ ҳ ѧѡ͡駷Ӥѭ µçѺ ֧ҨеͧաþԨóҧԧѧ Ҩ繡ŧṹͧ硷͹ԡ (Electronic Voting Machine: EVM) ҫ к˹Ҥ (touch a computer screen) Ѱԡ ҧá ¹͡ҪԡҼ᷹ɮèеͧѭѵͧ ԩй ҧСá͡駡ШѴաŧṹͧ硷͹ԡ кԹ к˹Ҩͤ ͡˹Ҷ֧鹡;प(application)ѾͶ (smart phone) ҤСá͡駢ͧ¨ա֡ԨоѲͧŧṹ硷͹ԡҵ ´ԢͧЪ Ǻح ʹյá͡Ѻѷ ԷءúԹ觻 ӡѴ ͧẺաù价ͧǷءҤ㹻 ùкԨԷѺŧṹ͡͹Ҥա§ ҧè֧зѡлЪҪͶ ҡŧṹ͡駢ͧ١¹ŧ õѴԹ㨹кԨԷѺ͡駹͡ҡ繤ҭ ѧͧçʹѺʹعҡ¡ͧйѡԪҡõʹǪҭҧҹкԨԷŷкѺúԡ÷ҧѧ ֡ ɰԨҧҧҧҹѺԺ


      ÷ͧҡŧṹѵ͡駡дͧ ੾С͡ѹ仡͹йкԨԷǷ駻 駺ѵ͡駡д ŧṹҧɳ к˹Ҩͤ ͧ͡ŧṹ硷͹ԡ ¶֧õͧҧҹЪҪ ѡͧ ʹѴ͡ ѧͧ÷ҧҹЧҳա

1ҵ 㹻ռԷ͡駤ʧԷŧṹ͡Թ¤㹾鹷դдǡ㹡ԹҧԷ͡ 餳Сá͡駨Ѵʶҹŧṹ͡㹻ȹ ըӹǹ¡¤˵ب Сá͡ҨѴա͡§ŧṹ͡駷ҧɳԸ㴷繡èѴʶҹŧṹ͡駡 駹 ѡࡳԸա÷褳Сá͡駡˹
 


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