ٻͧ
кͧСûͧǧ

.Ԫ ѹ


      ١ 鹴ǤԴ кͺЪҸԻ Ẻ͡駹 ¢ͧǧҢͧôһȷѧѲҷ ҨлСͺѡ÷Ӥѭ ӹҨ͸Ի繢ͧǧ Ҩҡǧ зӤѭ ѰŷѴ駢鹹 еͧѺԴͺͻЪҪ (accountability) кͺЪҸԻ ѧ Ҩʺ йӻȪҵ¹ ҡкúáûͧͧѰҴԷҾ ͹ мء͹ ¢ǹ÷بԵѻ ʹúѧѺ顮 й Ѩµ÷Ӥѭ 觿١ Ѱ State ֧դӤѭҧǴ

      㨢ͧ١ ҡԴ 㴷ҴѰ ҨкͺЪҸԻ ѧлʺ¹Ф㹷ش Ѱ 觿١ ¶֧䡡ûͧТͺࢵͧӹҨѰ СúѧѺ顮µǤԴͧ硫 Ǻ ֧ҨդӤѭѹѺ˹ ͹繻ЪҸԻա

       Ѱ秔 Ҩѧ繷еͧ͸Ժ´й ੾СѺҹջʺóǧ 9 10 ͧɹ Failed State Ѱǔ ٨Ѵ㹨Թҡâ᷺ͧء

      ʹ㹺ԺͧþѲҡͧ١Ҿйʹ Ѱ ¡ҧ ҸóѰЪҪչ л ºþ ԧ ѰҹǹѰ ԭԺ⵷ҧɰԨФ蹤ʶҾҧͧ ֧٨ⴴ蹡һ Ҥǡѹ Ҩ¤繻ЪҸԻ¤͹ҧҡ 䡡ûͧͧѰ͹ҧ͹ ´ٵǪѴ ҡѪա÷بԵѻ 繵

      ͡ҡѰ кͺЪҸԻ¨ͧóẺ ӵִͧѡͧԵԸѰ Rule of Law ¢ͧѡԵԸѰ Rule of Law ҧ ͸Ժ¢¤ ͧ鹹 §Ъ ҧкҧ繻ЪҸԻ ҨТҴѡͧԵѰ͹ԵԸѰ ѡùդҧ դӤѭʶҾФԭͧͧѧȹҧ 繻繷ʹҧ

       ػ ͧ ١ ҨػǤԴкͧûͧѲ еͧСͺ 3 ͧСͺ кЪҸԻ (Ẻ͡) ѰջԷҾ ѡԵԸѰ ͨ੾к˹к ҡ੾к˹к ѧ¡кͧûͧѲóẺ ¢ͧѡѲѺѡٻͧ ֧ͧԨóҷ 3 ͹к

      ͡ҡ 3 Сôѧǹ 㨢ͧ˹ѧͤ͢Դͧ˹ѧͷ 2 (The Origins of Political Order Political Order and Political Decay) ͺɮ ͧкþѲҡͧ ѧСͺµ ա кɰԨ Ţͧâµ ͤԭԺ⵷ҧɰԨ ѧɵԴûѵصˡ ѧ㹤ʵȵɷ 18 Դ¹ŧҧѧ ¡ Social Mobilization Ҩ ǹ͹ ТѺҹзҧѧͧЪҡǹ˭ͧ ռԴ Ф蹵Ƿҧѧ ¹ŧҧͧҡкͺ кͺЪҸԻ

      ͧôѧ кɰԨ к͹ Ѻҹзҧ е蹵Ƿҧѧ ١ ͸Ժ´ҡѡ зӤѭ ѧջѨµ÷㨡ҧͧŹ ١ ¡ ǤԴ/Դ 觷ͺ (Idea/legitimacy) ռšзк/кǹûЪҸԻ ѡԵԸ кûͧͧѰ ǤԴͧ¹ (.Ԫ ѹ) ֡Դͧ餹ѧռŵ鹷ҧСкǹþѲҢͧ 3 ôѧ е͡âѺ͹ѧ (Social Mobilization) Ҵ觵ͧʤԴкسêͺ/ͺ âѺ͹㹵 礧֧˹ ١ ¡ҧͧԷԾŢͧʹҷ繻ѨµӤѭԴǢͧѺҡŷ 繼ԪԵШѴҳҨѡШѡô١ (Mamluks) Ի Шѡô͡ѹ (á) ȵɷ 16 Ƕ֧ʹҾͧԹ ǹӤѭԴó 觷ءѹѧӨѴ͡ҡѧͧͧҸóѰԹ ѷͤͷҧʹ شóҧͧ ֧繵Ӥѭҧͧ Ҩ繵÷Ӥѭش
 


Print Version