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ҧԡĵ觪ҵ ѧ»ҡҡ͹㹪ǧ .. 2552 2557 ͷѰ¡ùӢͧäЪҸԻѵ ǧ .. 2552 2554 ѰŢͧҧѡɳ Թѵ .. 2554 2557 öçҹ 駤ѰͧöкçҹԷºѰŷ֡¤ ͧ͹仵ҧ 㹷ش ǹ¡ ѡɳ ͧ͡ ѰŷԷԨѰա ¡ԴحҡȷҧӹҨ͸Ի й¡Ѱ ͡ط ѹͪ ֧СִӹҨѹ 22 Ҥ .. 2557 кçҹẺѰŪǤ ҧ鹰ҹ ӡûٻҧѰ٭һС騹 ѧѹСȼšŧЪѺͧ»ЪҪ§ǹҡԹ 60 繪ͺ¡ѺѰ٭Ѻ ѹ 7 ԧҤ .. 2559


зӤѭش áԨӤѭشͧѰŤ ʪ. ش ͡ҡҧѭҷԴҡԡĵԷҧͧ ɰԨ ѧ ҡǧ 5 շ ѧеͧҧҡҹ͡ûٻ㹷ء Ե Ӥѭ ԵԷҧͧСúúҹͧ ǤԴ ʹТͧһٻ ҢѺ͹ٻҴԹõ͡ ز 觡ѧҨѴ駡ѹ͹Ҥ ж١ͼԴ բʹ ҧ зȪҵԢͧҡҹ蹤 ջЪҸԻ·ءءҹա ɰԨ ЪҪѲ繾ͧѺԴͺͺҹͧ ҹѹѹ ֧繻繷ҧ Ъ¡ѹҤӵͺ

ǹ˹觢ͧǧҤӵͺ ͤ͢ԴӤѭͧѡԴҧѧͧͧѰԡҷҹ˹ ҹ ١ (Francis Fukuyama) 觼Եŧҹᴧ The Origins of Political Order Political Order and Political Decay ˹ѧͷǧҤӵͺӶӤѭشҧѰʵ㹪ǧҵ 1960s з觻Ѩغѹ ҡ 50 ͤȵ 繤ӵͺ㹷ȹТͧ¹繤ӵͺóشҷ 繤ӵͺҨеͺʹͧͻѭͻþ ҧѰʵ- з觶֧»Ѩغѹ ѭҫ㨢ͧѰʵ ٻẺͧûͧ Ẻ㴨֧ٻẺշش

ͧѡҪ˭·¸աͧǧ 300 ͹ʵѡҪ þǧҤӵͺ˹ѧͷǵѹִ繵ҤԤ Republic ͧ Politics ͧ öҸԺ¢ʹբʹ¢ͧкûͧ ¹鹨Ẻ кͧûͧẺѵ ẺԪҸԻ (عҧ˭) ẺЪҸԻ (ЪҪ˭) 㹷ش ˹ѧͤԤͧ Republic ͷҨ صѰ ҸóѰشԔ ѹ кդسͷ¡ Philosopher Kings è繤м黡ͧ ӹҨҧͧ-ûͧ ֧ʹк֡ͺ੾ǪѡҾͧǡա ҹҹ դسѵԷӤѭͧ͡-ûͧ 㹴ҹ ҭʹú ըԵ٧ дç繹ѡҪդѺԴͺ͡ûͧͧѰ ѡҪ黡ͧ 繪鹾 ժԵѹبѧ㹤· շѾѵͤͺ繢ͧͧ ͻͧѹѭҢͧѾѵСһªͺǢͧͧ 繡ûͧѹ÷بԵѻ 㹡úçҹ

ѰشԢͧ Ҩдٴյɮ ҤԺѵԹҨջѭ蹡ѹ ͧ ֧ʹٻẺûͧҹҨдӴѺͧ վͻҳ ¡ кûͧ¡ 顮 顮Ҩդ§شѺش¢ͧ

÷ ʹǤԴкûͧ顮 ҹ Ҩн֡ͧդسҧ ѧöѡҤس͵ʹ ͡͹ ԴҴ ҡ顮»ͧ ҧ¡ѧѡ÷Ѵзء 觹ҨصԸѺء ֧ͧԺѵ͹ ѹ ҡ¨¹´֧ʶҹóҧ ء ʶҹó ҨҵðҹºҤس ֧¡ûͧ顮 к Second Best ѹѺͧ ö任Ժѵ ûѹ ੾ѧ ֧ѡִǢͧ

ҧá кûͧ顮¨դӤѭ ѧͧԴ䢻ѭӤѭ觴çҧ㹷ء ûͧ Ҩкѵ кԪҸԻ кЪҸԻ ѭҷҹԴҡҧŸ СûоĵԻԺѵԢͧӹҨ 觴ѧءҺ ӹҨ餹 Һ㹸ҵԢͧ лҡó֧ʹٻẺûͧẺҹ 觷ҹ¡ Ѱ٭ٻ (Mixed Constitution) ٻẺѵ պؤżӹҨ٧ش èеͧ Ѻкعҧ 觨СԴäҹӹҨ觡ѹСѹ ٻẺҧкعҧ (ӹҨ) ѺٻẺЪҸԻ (ЪҪӹҨ) ֧¡ٻẺҧ Ѱ٭Ẻ (Mixed Constitution)

ػ ҧ㨴 кûͧͧա¹ջѭ Ҩкѵ кԪҸԻ ͻЪҸԻ Ѱู֧ 駹 кͺЪҸԻẺش觹ͧԴ༴稡 çʹѺʹعͧ٧ ѧѡ¡ѹ Populist Democracy Populism

ҧá ֡Ѱʵؤѧʧš駷 2 ੾ؤʧ ؤþѲɰԨѧʧ ѡѰʵԡѹʹкͧͧš (ȴ¾Ѳ СѧѲ) й ֧⿡价кǹþѲ ú Сͧ ͤ ͤԢͧ Positivist ( Empiricists) ѹҹ֡ҢŵѡԷʵ ¡кǹ÷ͧ ͷҧʶԵºº ѹѧѪҡͧ¤Ԥ й ѡԴɮշҧ֧ͧѺԷԾŨҡѡѧԷ ҹԷ йѡĵԡʵ оǧҷɮ㹡á˹ٻẺͧѲ Developed Polity оФͧСͺͧкͧѲ»Ȩҡ ͤԷҧѲͧҵԵͧ Ũҡѹ ѹ͡ ҡش ֧ԴʹǤԴӹ ФسѡɳТͧкͧѲҡẺ 㹷ش .. 1968 Դաþ˹ѧͧ͢ʵҨ ѹԧѹ (Samuel P. Huntington) Political Order in Changing Societies ҧС͡ʢͧԴ͹ҧ繷ҧźǤԴͧѡѰʵԡѹ þʹٻẺþѲҵҢͧǵѹ ȡѧѲҷ ҿԡ

ػӤѭͧʵҨ ѹԧѹ ȷѧѲҹ зѧҧ㹡кǹþѲɰԨСͧͧ ͧʺ ʶҺѹҧͧ кѰ Ѱ к͡ кصԸ ҹ о¹Ẻǵѹ ͧ ءءҹ ҡҡóԹǹͧôҹѡ֡ СûѵѰ 駹˵ѡ ҹ ѧͧҹ ҴкسҷʹѺʹع ִ˹ ʶҺѹͧҹ ҧԧ ͹˹ ͧ÷ҧͧѴ駵Ѱ٭ҧ ҴʶҺѹҧͧѧ 蹤 ѧسִ˹ ЪԵ ͻͧʶҺѹҹ й ҧѰ٭ ͻдɰʶҹѰ к͡ѡ詺Ѻ ͧ÷ҧͧҹöдçҧ׹ ѧѧҡ֡ѧШԵԭҳͧѧ

ʶҺѹ кس ʹѺʹعʶҺѹ ֧դӤѭѹѺ˹

͢ػҧ鹷ش зԴ蹻ǹǧѰʵѰԡ˹

Ѵ ͡ӤѭͧʵҨѹԧѹ .ҹ ١ (Dr. Francis Fukuyama) ͡ҡǤԴѡͧҨ ѧԵŧҹͧ͡ҹͧ Political Order and Political Decay .. 2011 2014 ӴѺ ͹˹ҹ ҹ ١ ҧ§Щ͹šҺҧ µվ˹ѧ The End of History

ʹͧ͢ʫ ١ ͧкͧûͧѲ ҧ Тʹͧ͢ҹʹͧѺ繨ԧ㹻ѵʵͧûͧ ҡʹͧѺ繨ԧ ѧö繴ǧзջͧҧôҹѡٻͧûͧٻẺ ҧ ӵͺͧѡԴ Ҩǹ˹ǹӤѭͧӵͺǡǧ ֧ҵͤ͢Դͧҹ͡ʨӹ
 


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