(Thai)
йԧ⹺´ҹǹؤ (Data Privacy Guideline) (͹ 2)

ѡ

3. äͧǹؤ㹡Т͵ŧҧ
ѺɰԨ 㹻ѨغѹõԴѹҧɰԨӡѴ੾㹻ȢͧС繤ѹҧ ءšöա§÷ӡäҡѺҧ ͻͧҡ繾鹰ҹ㹡þѲɰԨ ҫ觢繻ѨӤѭҤǡѹ ա·ʹͧѹػä㹡ôԹ÷ҧäҧͧդҡ ¹ͧ¡ѭҳ ͢¡Ẻ ͡˹ͨ͢ӡѴҧࢵᴹͧ ѰöЧѺõԴ÷աŢǡѺؤ㹷ҧԴ

3.1 äͧǹؤŵǷҧͧͧͤͷҧɰԨСþѲ (OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data)

ͧͤͷҧɰԨСþѲ (OECD) ͡ǷҧԺѵǡѺǹؤ ѵػʧ͡ôš觼ҹҧ (Transborder flow) äͧǹؤ (personal data) СäͧԷԤǹ (privacy) ҨҡѭҤѹ㹺ѭѵ㹡äͧǹؤл Ҩ繡âѴҧ¹ͧŢҧ ѵػʧѡͧǷҧͧ㹡ҧѹ˹ѹǡѹͧҪԡ OECD 駹 ͡ԴҤ͡мСͺáԨ㹡õԴѹҧä

ࡳͧǷҧѺ ǻԺѵԢ鹵ӢͧѡҪԡ任Ժѵл ǻԺѵԩѺ¡ҧ˹§ҹͧѰ˹§ҹ͡ ¡繡ûżŢǡѺؤԸաѵѵԸաûżŴ

ͺࢵ¢ͧǹؤ (Personal data) ¶֧ Ǣͧ੾еǺؤ öѡɳ੾еǺؤҢͧ Ҿͧäͧǹؤѡôѧ

1. ѡͨӡѴ㹡Ǻ ǹؤŷѴ纨еͧԸա÷١ͧЪͺ¡ µͧؤżҢͧѺҺԹ㹡èѴ红

2. ѡسҾͧ ǹؤŷѴ纵ͧ繢ŷդǢͧѺѵػʧ㹡 еͧ繢ŷ١ͧ óж١ͧç繨ԧ

3. ѡá˹ѵػʧ ͧաá˹ѵػʧ㹡èѴ红ǹؤš͹աèѴ红ǹؤŹ

4. ѡèӡѴ ŨСз¢Ѵѵػʧ㹡èѴѺԹҡҢͧ Ѻ͹حҵ͹䢷衮¡˹

5. ѡѡҤʹ ͧѴҵáѡҤʹ㹡èѴ红ͻͧѹ Ҷ֧ ÷ ¹ŧ ͡Դ¢Ѻ͹حҵ

6. ѡԴ¢ ͧ˹Ըա÷㹡Դ¢ ٻẺͧԴ ѡࡳ㹡âաԴ¢ 觵ͧ繡áзͤǹǢͧҢͧ

7. ѡǹͧѨਡؤ ˹ѨਡԷԵҧ ѧ仹
  • ԷѺբŢͧѴ
  • ԷԵǨͺŢͧռѴ
  • ԷԢ䢢ŷ١ͧ
  • ԷԻʸաèѴ红Ţͧ

8. ѡѺԴͺ ˹ѺԴ㹡óաԴǹؤŢͧ

ǹͧ¹ͧҧ ˹ѡҪԡѺͧ¹ǹؤ ֧觢ŷ㹻Ҫԡҧͧлʹ Ҫԡ鹨ҡèӡѴ¹ͧҧ ȷѵػʧ軯ԺѵԵǷҧ աͧ͡ŷҨ١ӡѴ¡¤ͧ 㹡óբǹؤźҧԴ 㹡óջ蹷պѭѵ㹡äͧŷѹ仵ҵðҹѺ

3.2 äͧǹؤŵͺѧѺҾû (European Union Directive 95/46/EC)

äͧǹؤͺѧѺҾû 95/46 鹢㹻 1995 Ѻ繺ѭѵԷռźѧѺҧȩѺáͧǹؤ ١ҧ»ҪԡҾû ͺѧѺѺäͧǹؤ Ҿ㹡͹Ǣͧ ѧѺͧҢŨѺäͧҧѹʹ駵Ҵû բͺࢵúѧѺ ҵ 2 ӨӡѴͧǹؤ (personal data) ¶֧Ţ (information) ੾еǺؤ ö觪ѡɳ੾зǢͧѺǺؤ ¶֧ؤŸ (natural person) Ңͧ (data subject) ê੾еǺؤҨµç ҧԧ֧ǹؤ ŢШӵ ѡɳҤѭҧ Ե ʶҹзҧԹ ѧ Ѳ 繢ŷö੾еǺؤ 㹢ͺࢵͧúѧѺ㹡ûŢԸաû (manual) СûżŢԸա÷ҧ硷͹ԡ Ըաѵѵ (electronic or automatic) ѧ ЪҪءҾû ء˹§ҹҪ 㹷ءѷҧҹ ͧøáԨ͡ء觵ͧöաùӡࡳäͧ任ԺѵԨԧҵðҹǡѹǷҾû ѵػʧѡ 2 С ҪԡͧҾû Ƿҧúѭѵԡ¤ͧŷʹͧѹ ҵðҹ㹡ûԺѵ㹡觢ǹؤ㹻Ҫԡ

ͺѧѺѺ¡ͧաúѭѵԡ¤ͧл äͧЪҪҡ ѺäͧǹؤǹǡѺҤ͡ ੾㹺ѷ͡СͺáԨä ִͧѡ÷Ӥѭѧ
  1. ѡҤسҾͧ
  2. ҵáâͧûżŢŷͺ¡
  3. ͡˹㹡ûżŢŪԴ ǹ੾ (sensitive data)
  4. Է㹡Ѻ駡红ŵҧ ͧҢͧ
  5. Է㹡Ҷ֧ŢͧҢͧ
  6. Է㹡äѴҹûżŢͧҢͧ
  7. ѡҤʹ㹡ûżŢ
  8. 觼ҹǹؤѧȷ

͡ҡäǺ觢㹻Ҫԡ ѺȷҪԡҾû ҡзӡõԴѺ-觢šѺҪԡҾû ͧҵááäͧŢ÷繷Ҿû蹡ѹ ҵá÷Ҿû з觻Ѱԡ աäСŧعѺҪԡҾûҡش ա͹ǢͧŢҡش ѧٻẺäͧ͹ѺҾû 駹 ѰԡкǺͧ (self-regulation) Ҥ͡˹äǺŢҴµͧ 觷ͧաþԸա÷йջй繷ҧ͡䢻ѭҤѴ駢ͧͧ¹

3.3 äͧǹؤŵ͵ŧ (Convention) ͧѰû (Council of Europe)

͵ŧͧѰû С㹻 1981 պѭѵҴͧäͧԷ㹤ǹ㹡äͧǹؤ 㹡ûżԸѵѵ Դ㹡¹ҧ ѡôѧ
  1. ѡǺ ûżŢŵͧԹ¶١ͧ СԴµͧӴਵҷبԵ
  2. á˹㹡 ش㹡ŵͧ¡ԡèѴ纷ѹ
  3. èѴСûżŵͧѵػʧ §ҷ
  4. ١ͧͧ ͧդسҾ աûѺاѹ
  5. ѡҤʹ¢ͧ ҵááäͧŵͧ㹷ҧ෤Ԥ

ͤǺäͧ仵 ֧˹ͧä The Council of Europeans Committee ˹ҷ´šԴԷ㹤ǹѹԴҡԴǹؤ

3.4 ͺäͧǹؤŵͧ UN

˻ЪҪҵԡ˹ѡࡳǡѺǹؤ ǷҧäǺ ǹؤŷѴ纴¤ (Guidelines for the Regulation of Computerized Personal Data Files) Ӥѭѧ
  1. ѡͺ¡Ф繸 (Principle of lawfulness and fairness) ǹؤŨеͧ١ǺͻżŴԸա÷繸 ͺ¡СǹؤŨеͧѴѺѵػʧ ѡâͧѵ˻ЪҪҵ
  2. ѡ١ͧ (Principle of accuracy)
    㹡ǺǹؤŨеͧաõǨͺҧҡзҴ¤١ͧ դó ѹ ҷաûżҹ 7
  3. ѡкѵػʧ੾Ш (Principle of the purpose-specification) еͧաкѵػʧ㹡èѴ͹䢢ͧªŷ纵ѵػʧ觪ͺ¡
    1. Ǻ§ҷǢͧ Ѻѵػʧк
    2. ǹؤŨеͧ١Դ ѺԹҡؤŷǢͧ
    3. ҷѴ红ǹؤŨеͧԹҷôԹõѵػʧкŧ
  4. ѡҶ֧ (Principle of interested-person access) ҢͧԷԷաûżŢŢ÷ǡѺ ѺٻẺѹлȨҡ öź㹡óա红ͺ¡ ա红١ͧ ͡˹ѡùѧѺѺؤŷءӹ֧֧ѭҵ 蹷
  5. ѡ͡Ժѵ (Principle of non-discrimination) ǺūҨԴ͡ԺѵԷѴ͡ ǡѺͪҵ Ҿѹ ռ ĵԡҧ Դ繷ҧͧ ùѺʹ ͷҧѪͤ 駢šҪԡҾ Ҥҧä
  6. á˹¡ (Power to make exceptions) ¡鹨ҡѡâͷ - Ҩ˹㹡óըѡҤ蹤ͧҵ ºѧ Ҹóآ ѡس ԷҾͧؤ ¡鹨ҡѡâͷ Ҩ繡ó͡ûͧѹ͡Ժѵ ͺѭѵԢͧԭҡҴԷª͡䡢ͧ ǡѺäͧԷªСûͧѹ͡Ժѵ
  7. ѡѡҤʹ (Principle of security) еͧաѡҤʹ¢ŷѴ ͻͧѹѹ·駨ҡ¸ҵ ٭ ÷ºؤ Ҷ֧»ȨҡҹҨ 㹷ҧԴ ͡÷ʤ
  8. áӡѺ (Supervision and sanctions) ¢ͧȵҧ еͧк˹§ҹѺԴͺ㹡 ǺйǡѺûԺѵԵѡù
  9. 觢Ţᴹ (Transborder data flows) 觢ҧȨöз㹡óշͧ ҡͧ ա㹡äͧԷԤǹдѺǡѹ
  10. ͺࢵͻԺѵ (Field of application) ѡԺѵԴѧǤաûԺѵѺҤѰ͡Ѵ 纴¤ (Computerized Files) ǡѺèѴ纴Ըա աûѺاѺ͡÷Ѵ纴 (Manual Files)


3.5 ͺäͧǹؤŢͧ APEC
ͷҧɰԨ-ừԿԡ ໤ Ҫԡ ˹ѡࡳǡѺǹؤ (APEC Information Privacy Principles) Ӥѭѧ
  1. 繡ѡҼŻªͧؤͧԷԤǹ ֧ͧաá˹ҵááäͧǹؤ ͻͧѹԪͺ лͧѹ·ԴҡԪͺ Ҩ繡 С觵
  2. ͧҢͧҧѴਹҨա 红ǹؤ ѵػʧ ؤͧ÷ǹؤҨѺԴ ͧԷԢͧҢͧҵá÷㹡èҡѴ Դ Ҷ֧ С 駹ͧ駡͹㹢з ǷشѧèѴ
  3. ͧաèѴҧҡѴҷ仵ѵػʧͧ 纵ͧԸշ١ Ըշ繸 駵ͤԹҡҢͧ
  4. ŷ੾еѵػʧͧҹ ѺԹҡҢͧ仵¡鹵衮 ˹
  5. ҢͧԷ͡ҨԹա Դ¢ǹؤŢͧ
  6. ŷѴ纵ͧդ١ͧ ó 繻Ѩغѹ еѵػʧ
  7. ͧҵáäͧҧͻͧѹѹ·ҨԴ Ҩ繡٭--Ҷ֧ǹؤѺ͹حҵ ÷Ѻ͹حҵ -Ѻ¹-ԴԪͺ
  8. ҢͧԷѺա红ǹؤŢͧ ԷҶ֧Ţͧͧ ԷԢǨͺ١ͧТѺا ͷ¢Ţͧ
  9. 红ŨеͧѺԴͺèѴҵáõҧ 仵ѡࡳѧ 觢ǹؤѧؤͧ 㹻ѧҧ еͧѺԹҡҢͧ Шеͧҵá÷СѹҺؤͧ÷Ѻ ѡҢ仵ѡࡳ

ػ äͧǹؤ㹡ҧТ͵ŧҧ ºѭѵԷռźѧѺ ʹѭҩѺҧ ҨǷҧͧ OECD ͺѧѺҾû 95/46 ͢͵ŧͧѰû ǹ繡ͺѧѺǡѺѺŢҧ ѡӤѭС˹觷ҡ㹡¹ ͺѭѵҴͧ觢ǹؤҧ (International data transfers or Transborder data flows) 觡˹ҡš¹ŨдԹ੾ҧȷաҵá㹡ͧǹؤŷҵðҹ§ ࡳѧ繼Ҩҡ觢㹺ҧóշͧ麷ѭѵҧ 觢ѧҪԡҾû 觵ͧԺѵԵͺѧѺҾû ˹ҵá͡äͧ ˹ѺŢáѺȷҵá÷ҵðҹ㹡äͧǹ㹢ǹؤҵáѡҤʹ¢ͧŢҧ§

(ҹͩѺ˹)
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1 ԡ ѹ ѡ, ҧȷǢͧѺäͧǹؤ, ҹº ӹѡҹСâŢâͧҪ, 2544.
 


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