(Thai)
ͤԴ㹡ҧࡳҵðҹͧѰ

.Ԫ ѹ


㹻ѵʵͧҵ վҡѵ¾ͧѺҹ Ҫ ͢ع˧Ҫ, й³Ҫ, йҪ, ҵҡԹҪ, оطʹҪ, лҪ 繵 ѺҹҪͧ֡֡Դͧ餹ͧȹ 繤֡֡Դçѹͧء 駪٧ ѭ 駹ѡҪйѡú »ҹʡԡ¡ҹѧҡҡѵͧä


ؤѨغѹ ѭء ͡ʷǹ㹡ûͧȵöͧ кͺЪҸԻ«վҡѵç繻آ ֧Դռӷҧͧҡ Сç˹дѺ٧ ٧شҧͧСú ¤ѡѺõԶ֧鹷ЪҪͺҹ Ѱɔ Ҩ֧Ѩغѹ Ѻûѵ .. 2475 Ѱ 2 ҹ ҹմ § ͡ Գҹ ҹ ¹Ѻ¡ùʹͧ͢ѰФ繪ͺͧѰл¢ͧкҷ稾ѪŻѨغѹ

ҧá ҡôԢͧиҹѰһѨغѹçþѲһЪҸԻ 繪ͺաþԨóࡳͤسѵԢͧѰ кؤŵҧҧͧͧ ¹֧ʹǷҧѧࢻ

Դͧ鹢ͧ¹ ҡШṡ¡Ҥسѵ 繤سѵ ͤسѡɳзӤѭͧѰ ԸաäԴ Ҩ٨ҡҧԧͧѰɷ ҹմ § ͡ Գҹ ͧѧ ҡд٨ҡҧ յҧҡ¢ͧѰ Һ ѧդçѡҹҧѵʵ Թʵѹ ʹյ¡Ѱբͧѧ ¾Ũ ͪԧѹ иҹҸԺդáͧѰԡ Ѻ Թ иҹҸԺդ 16 ͧѰԡ 繵

ѺҹиҹҸԺԹ (Abraham Lincoln) ˹ѧͪǻѵԢͧҹҡ ش 觼¹ѧ֡ Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln Doris Kearns Goodwin 繼¹ ˹ѧѺ¡ͧҡ ֡ФѨТͧҹ з觺ؤӤѭҧҸó иҹҸԺ Ѥ ͺ ѧǪ˹ѧͷҧçǷҹ й ҡ¹ҧԧ

˹ѧ ື (Bates) 觢ͧԹ㹡Ѥ÷繵᷹äͧѤ͡繻иҹҸԺ 觼Żҡ ື Թ Ѻṹ§ ǹ˭᷹ͧҢҾäվѺԡѹǻŧѤ ືʴ繹ѡ ǪԹ earned a high reputation for truth, courage, candor, morals and ability, so that as a man, he is most trustworthy ժ§ͧѡѨ ҭ Դ Ÿ Фö й (Թ) ֧繺ؤŷѺҧҡش

ѹԧ ѧҡԹ˹ кçҹ㹰ҹмӢͧѰѰԡ ͧ༪ԭѺԡĵԤᵡ¡ҧͧ ѰҤѺѰҤ˹ ֧¡ͻСҾ ʧҧͧ .. 1861 ԡĵԤӤѭ駹 ԡĵԤ駷 2 ѧҡԡĵԤá ʧҾҡѧ .. 1773 1776 Թ ෪ԵԵͻҺѰҤ ʹԹºԡ Դ Ѱԡѧʧҧ֧ͧº͹ѰԡŧТͧ The land of the free 繴ԹᴹҾ ФҤҧԧ ѹͧԹ 駹 ¤ҹʹ ö੾еǢͧҹиҹҸԺ öҹ Фᵡ¡㹡ѰҤ˹ ੾ФöͧҹӤ觷ҧͧͧҹ 3 㹤Ѱǡѹ зҹöǤԴᵡҧ˹ 觷ҹ ͪ. (W. H. Seward) Ҫԡҡ New York, ͹ (S.P. Chase) ҡѰ , ື (E. Bates) Ѱʨҡʫ

ԡѹЪš ֧¡ͧиҹҸԺԹҺɤӤѭش˹觢ͧš ФسѵԢͧ繼Ӣͧҹ ҡػ 礧մѧ仹

  1. ѵبԵ 繷ҧ㨢ͧ͹ҹ
  2. Фҹʹ ҡҼºº
  3. ҭ ҷеѴԹ ͻͧѡҼŻªͧȪҵ ҡõѴԹ㨹鹨йҫ觡ԾҡԨó §͡٭¤ṹ§
  4. 㹤ҷ ѧ Prudence ҧ ҷԹ 觵çѺ Prudence ֧ػ ҧ¡ѹ 紡 ǹ˹觢ͧ Prudence

    黡ͧը֧㹤ҷ 軡ͧǪᴹͧ˹ ѹ˹觡ж١ءҹ
  5. ʹ Թ¡ҧ ѧ Temperance 繤سѡҪǡաҳӤѭҡ ͡繼ӷ мӷԹ¡ҧ 㹷شӤ¹赹лȪҵ ͹çѺѪɰԨ§ͧкҷ稾 Ѫŷ س͹ ҡӪ»Ѩغѹ
  6. ͧó Ѩغѹͺ·ȹ 觡´㹷ҧҡ ͧóŔ 繤Ӵ դªѴਹ㹵 ӷͧó ͼʹյ Ѩغѹ ͹Ҥ 㨤§ 3 Ե ФҴ͹Ҥ͹ҧѴਹ ѹԧ͹Ҥ ͼʹյ ѵʵ Ҩ ѯѡâͧԭ Ѻѹ ˵آͧԭ Ф ˵ǡѹǡѻǡŻ ͧ ǡաҳ Hubris 觷 繵˵آͧͧкͺЪҸԻ
  7. ʵԻѭҤö 繻Ѩµ÷¡ ׹ Constant ҡդسѵԹͧ áԨҧ ͧԹҧûԷҾлԷԼ мҴʵԻѭ١͡ǧ
    س紻Сù ҹиҹҸԺԹդúѧҡҹ ö੾е㹡ûСþٴ ö㹡ҧѹѺ餹 դöҧҾҧûйջйѺ׹Ѵѡ ѨҾ㹡úçҹ ʹآҾҹ·ʹѺʹ͹ еҡӷӧҹԴ

    ػ þԨóҤسѵԢͧѰ ùẺҧͧиҹҸԺԹ繵ǵҡ Ẻҧͧҹ .մ § ͡ Գҹ Ẻҧͧ Ҩ餳зӧҹͧԨóһѵԡ÷ӧҹ/ŧҹͧҹͧըشúҧ 㹢ͺ 7 ͹ ҡ
 


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