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͹Ҵ ഹ ֡ ش׹ҹ¸ ѹͧ

ԾҾ ѹع


͹Ҵ ഹ Դѹ 5 Ҥ .. 1876 ͧŭ 繺صä 㹾ͧ˭ԧ 5 վ繢Ҫ

Ժ㹤ͺǤ¹ҸԤ ִͤسҷҧŸФسҤ ѺúШҡͺ繼դʹ º Թ㹵ͧ٧ҵ á͵ͧԴèҡѺҡеͧͷͶ 繤ִ蹵¢ͧҹӤѭ ¾鹰ҹ蹹 С㹡ҧǷҧҧͧͧҺ稵 ѧӷ͹ҵ ֧ش 㹷ء˹ҷФѺԴͺ (Go to the Last Mile) ҡ Reader Digest 繼¹ͧ㹻 1953

ҷ㹡ͧͧ蹷ͧŭҹԴ ѧ稡֡Ҵҹ¨ҡԷ㹵˹˹ҡͧҹ е繹¡յ 1917 ֧ 1933 Ѻҹҹ֧ 16 ͧ繼 ѡ÷ͧ

㹰ҹй¡ҧǹҹеͧ ҷͧŭɰԨ觤 ͧѺÿ鹿оѲ㹷ءҹ ¹ͧ仴«ҡѡѡѧѧʧš ͧҴ Ǵµ ͧѺ зŭٹҧͧþѲҢͧѹѹ¡ǹͧͧ ʺó駤ҡӺҡФ鹷ҧä¹õ (Cristian Democratic Union CDU) С˹觼ӷҧͧӤѭ з觡˹觹¡Ѱբͧѹѹ ѧʧš駷 2 繡ôç˹٧شͧȵԴ͡ѹ 14 觻ѵʵ֡ǧҴѧ ؤͧഹ (Adenauer Era)

ҧá ¹֡鹷ҧ繼Ӣͧ͹Ҵ ഹ дѺͧ蹨дѺ 㨶֧ǵͧ ͧó Ѻͧšѧԡĵѹ繽¾ʧ лѭҡͧ

1933 ѹ繻շ繼ӷͧ蹷ͧŭ ջʺóѹҡӺҡѺкҫ һʸõ͹ѺԵ ӻȷͧ͹ͧŭ Եѧҡ 㹻 1934 ҵͧҿѹػäҧͧ ж١Ѻѧҡõ͵ҹкҫ 繪ǧҷҵͧ༪ԭѺ͹ ҡͷ

1945 Ѱԡ ѹԵ ׹ҹ͹Ҵ ഹ 繹¡ͧŭ ѺѺպҷⴴ觢㹾ä

1948 Ѻ͡繻иҹѰ 繼ӷ秢ѹ㹡ʹաҧѰ٭Ѻѹѹ ˹ҷҧ Ѻͨҡء 㹪ǧ٧ǡ 鹺ҷҧͧͧҧẺͧкͺЪҸԻẺǹ (Participatory Democracy) ЪҪǹԴС˹õѴԹ㹡ԨҸóЧҹͧ ᷹еͧӵʹյ

1949 繻շѰ٭Ѻ¡ ѡͧ (Basic Law) ʹ ռźѧѺѺѺѰ٭ͪѹ С͡駤áѰ٭Ѻ ŻҡҾä¹õ͵ѰżùӢͧ ҷӢͧȨ֧ ҡ͡û֡ҧӤѭ㹾äҹͧ ǷҧèѴѰ ʹ͡èѴѰżѺä ҡҷѺä˭ աʹ͵繼觢ѹ㹵˹觹¡Ѱբͧ ·ռ㹾äѴҹ

ѹ 15 ѹ¹ 1949 73 Ѻ͡繼٧شͧ 繹¡Ѱդáͧѹѹ 繼ҧҵͧѹդ蹤ʶҾ ѹѹ繻ȷѺѺûѹ ǹ˹觢ͧþѲûѹѹ 繹¡ѰբͧȨ֧ѹ 15 Ҥ 1963 ǹҹ֧ 14 ŧҡ˹ 89

㹪ǧ 14 繷駼ӡú٧شͧ мѺȷⴴ٧ش ҡҵ˹ դ㨵ͻЪҪѹ ѹ зѹͧ͡ᴹͺ դҪѹѺҧͧѹ 觷 ҪѹöǢ٧աǔ

͹Ҵ ഹ ªԵѹ 19 ¹ 1967 91 ҨҡҧʧǴ¤ͺ ١ҹ繤ͺ˭ҧͺ蹾˹

ҽҡ¤ҡ ѧ ֧ش (Go to the Last Mile) ͹ӷء ҧ¤ѺԴͺ֧ش мŧҹͧ ԶաôԹԵẺҧդ ըش׹ҹ¸

Ѻͺ Ժ㹤ͺǪ鹡ҧдѺҧѺʹҧ觤Ѵ ѺʹѺʹعա֡ դѹ ҹ ʹ Ҩ֧繪ǤҸԤִ蹤͹ѡʹ ˹Ҥͺ Ҩ֧Ẻҧ㹡ùѡ͹ҹ¸ФسѡӤѭùӤͺ

ǹǤԴҧͧ 躹鹰ҹͧ㨵ѡ͹ͧʹ蹡ѹ Ǥ¹觤Ѵ觷зӧҹͧ ¢ͧ¹õѺѹ ͧ˹ѡͤѺԴͺǤ¹յѧ ѧӡǢͧഹ ͧ ŻТͧäԴûԺѵԷѺѺҶ١ͧͺҡش׹ҧ¸ ͧ Դоٴ¡ش¤ͤǧµͻЪҪ

Żзҧͧͧ Ҩ֧繤պؤԡѡɳзդö͸Ժ觷ҡáзҷº ѹ ѹ෤Ԥ੾еǷդ㨵ͤ

ǤԴҹҾ Ѻ ¶֧ ԧҾ ѰҨá᫧ǹ Ҿ֧繴觷ٻҧѧ ЪԵҧͧ дǤԴ ֧ҡѴਹͤ㹡ԴҾ ҾǷҧͧͧ ͡ûŴѹ

ѡҾҡ͹͡Ҿ (Freedom before Unity) ǷҧӤѭѹѺѺҾеѴԹ㨴µͧ зѹ١¡ж١ͧѺҾա˹ з觹͡ҾͧѹѹùӢͧ ѺѺ㨨ҡѹԵ 駻ûѹ öҧҵ ѹѹդ͡Ҿ ʶҾա˹

ѹѹҧ繪ҵ·ȹͧഹ ִͧͧ蹷餹ѹҴҾ ѧ ÷餹ѹҾ֧ͧ繡͹ôԹ͹͡Ҿͧҵ ôԹº¹ͧഹ ֧͡ҾʶҾͧѹ ͤѹ˭ѹѹѺѺҧû öءաѺҳһ㹷ջûѹ ѹз͹ѡ÷١ͧ ʹͧѺʶҹó¹ŧͧû ·ȹҧŢͧഹ

ѡǡѹ ա 40 յ ֧ҵԤ ա÷¡ᾧԹ ¡зѹѹеѹ͡繪ҵǡѹա㹻 1990 ʹͧѺ·ȹҧŢͧഹ ˭ҡҹӤѭѹԴҵС繻ѵʵšӤѭ

Ѻ͹Ҵ ഹ ͧҧҴԹ 㹪Եǹ ҹͧ ǹǾѹѹ ¹仵ʶҹó ˹觷ҵ¹繤سҷ褧蹤 سҷҧŸ ѡ繨ش׹ͧҵʹ

͹Ҵ ഹ š¡ͧШ֡㹰ҹйѡͧ ѡ͵ҹ༴稡 ѡЪҸԻ¼ѡ㹤سҤ ЪѹþѰɢͧ ҧҡҹѹ׹Ѵ㹡ҵ ҧҵա

º§ҡ : Konrad Adenauer Life and Work by Josef Thesing, Occasional Papers, Johannesburg, RSA, November 1994.
 


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