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֡ҷҧͧ ҧŧṹ§͡駷դسҾ (2)

ԾҾ ѹع


ѲҧͧЪҸԻ

       Ѳ ҹءѺҪѳԵʶҹ .. 2542 ӹ 觷Ӥԭ͡褳 ԶժԵͧ褳зա׺ʹླյҧ ҡ¹ ֧Ҩ Ѳ ԭ͡ԶաûԺѵԢͧͻҧͧ ըش价Ѳҧѧ繴ҹѡ

       Ѳ ֧դ·ҧ ҡդ֧ش ѲԶժԵ ҹҤسиԮ Ƕ֧Ѳ ٻẺԸաõҧ 㹡ûԺѵ¸ʴŵѨ ѨШ¸ ׹§ʹ Ѳա¹ŧ (иԮ (..ص), Ѳؤ繼繼, 2539) ǹѲҧͧ ǤԴҡѡԴ ѹ˹֡Ҵҹͧ ¤Դ ѲͧѧԷԾŵѲҧͧ ¶֧ҹ֡֡Դյͻҡóҧͧ ͡ҡѡԴҧѰʵ ҧ (Verba) դ Ѳҧͧͧѧ СͺкͶ ѭѡɳʴ͡ Фҹͺµʶҹóҧͧ (Ԫ ѹ, ѲͧСûٻ, 2547, ˹ 19) Ѳ֧ԷԾŵͺؤԡҾǡѹ ؤԡҾռŵѲա

      ..͹ѹ طdzԪ ȹ Ѳ 觷餹ѵᵡҧѹ ѧ֧ ѧѲ ѧѲ֧繷ͧ㹡èŧѡҧäѧǡѹ ѡɳ蹢ͧѧѧѲҹ ѧѧͧѰӹҨѰ觷ҹҧѨਡС Ѻҡ·ҧͪҵ ʹ Ѳ ʹᵡҧҧҹ ʶҹҾҹɰԨСͧա Ѱ֧繼ѴºẺἹͧѧ ʶҾͧѧ֧ͧѺʶҾͧѧѲ       ѹҧѧѲ ѧͧ 繼Ŵյͤѧ˹ѡ֧ҹ˹ ᵡҧҡ աҹ˹ ͤ͡Ҿᵡҧᵡ¡ 觨Դ¡þԷѡҾҧԴСʴԴš¹ѹҧԴҧѡͧ˵мҧ ԨóҳҧѹբѹԸ ա駡õ˹ѡ֧Ӥѭͧ繢ͧǹͧЪҪ (͹ѹ طdzԪ, ѲѺҧѧЪҸԻ, ˹ 2-3)

      ҡȹй ֧͡Ѳҧѧ դѹѺԵԷҧͧ ͤ繾ѧͧͧ ҡ·ҧԴҹͧ 觴ç㹸ҵԢͧѧ

      ..ԭ ѵ ¢ͧ Ѳҧͧ ¶֧ кáз (action system) ҧ Դĵԡҧѧ (social behavior) ͧ餹ѧ Щй鹾ĵԡҧѧ֧繾ĵԡ褹ФѧѹҧԴ ;ĵԡҧѧըشԴҨҡ͡˵ؼѹ 㹷ȷҧǡѹ͡áзӢ֧ͧػ Ѳҧͧ ¶֧кáзѹͧѧ 觷 ͹ѹͧҸóД ѹͧҸóД (public commonness) յǴҧͧ Ѳ֧Ҿз͹ҾͧͧĵԡѹͧѧѹԴҡçҧͧ˵ؼẺǡѹ (ԭ ѵ Ѳ ԸԵ, ¡Ѻͧ յԻ¤, 2547, ˹ 158) к֧ͧ繡ͺº ẺἹ ֧ҧҧسҷҧͧҪԡͧѧѰ仴 觡֧ ҧѲ§Ѳҧѧ ѧ¶֧Ѳҧͧա

      ѧ ͧѧЪҸԻ ֧ҡ觷ѡͧѰŷ 繡ͧ ͧ 觶١мҹ֡ҷҧͧ㨰ҹТͧҵͺҷͧ 黯ԺѵԔ ǹ㹷ҧͧѺѰ Դ繾ĵԡҸó ͤջªҸó (common good) ֡蹹ͧͷл١ѧ պؤԡҾͧҧդѺԴͺҸó 繨ش㹺ҷͧѨਡѧЪҸԻ Ѳͧͧ§       㹰ҹмШѺŨҡѰԾҡԨó黡ͧѰŹ 繡ç¡ҡѺ÷ЪҪǹ㹡ͧԧ (Դ , ͧͻЪҪ (Ѻ), 2552,
˹ 69)

      ҧѲҧͧԶժԵ㹷ءͧҧ駴ҹ֡ (education) áҷҧѧ (socialization) зҧ෤ 餹ѧշȷҧԵشóЪҸԻ ֧繡ҧѲͧԴҧԧѧ ҧ蹹 ͡ҧعҧͧӤѭشѺѧ СѲҧͧ ҧԶջԺѵԷ§ѴѺءԵ ءҤǹͧѧѺ÷˹ҷͤѺԴͺСüاصԸԴѧ кͺͧդᵡҧҡԵԵҧ ҧѧСͧ 觻ҡѧعǷҧЪҸԻ

      ᵡҧ֧ѺþѲѡسҾͧѧش˹Ҵ෤кԹ絷繤ҡ·駷ҧѵѡɳ ҵ Ҿѹ Ѳླ дѺѰ š ʴ͡ҧͧ ¾ä¤Դ 觷Դ鹨ԧ ѧͧҧ͡Ҿ㹤ᵡҧ (unity of diversity) ҧ ֧ԵԢͧþѲҼҹҧѲҹ оäͧ¾ä͵᷹з͹ҡ¡ҧѧ ͹䢷ѧЪҸԻ´¶Ҿäͧ繷ͧŪʹ㨡ͧ ͧԨҸó 繪ͧҧ㹡èѴԨҧͧͧŪǤԴ㹷ȷҧǡѹоäͧա«觡վäͧ¾ä蹹͡ԴǷ͡ǹҧͧͧҾͧҧͧ ֧Դ蹷ҧͧҡ˹µ §äͧ (one player) ٹӹҨеѴԷԡǹͧѧ ѡɳ蹹֧кͧẺ༴稡ҹ 㹢ǵçѺͧкЪҸԻ

      ҧͧ Ѳҧͧ 繓Ѳͧͧ ԶժԵͧѧ 繡ҧԴҧͧЪѧкͺͧ Ҩ¡ѧͧ ѺþѲҨҡͧ觷ҧѹصԷ赡ŧѹѹԸ ѹԸ ҡҡúѧѺлҺѺա˹ 觷Դ¡䡤ǺҡԸաâͧѲҧͧẺЪҸԻҹ ѧԸաâͧèѴûѭҤѴ (civilized conflict) ҧ

      ѧЪҸԻ¨֧ͧҧͧѲҧͧѧӡǷ кͺЪҸԻµͧùѡЪҸԻ չ (gene) ЪҸԻ㹵ͧ ֧ͧҧ鹴¡֡ (ԾҾ ѹع, 仴 Civic Education ѹ, 2553) Ѱ繼͡Ẻ˹ǷҧԸա㹡ҧͧʹѺʹعкͺûͧͧѰ ѹ繡ҧʶҾҧͧѵػʧͧþѲҷҧͧ觡 ʹͧѰ 駹жһȨҡôçͧѰͧСͺͧкͺͧ (political parts) ¹˹ҷ ͷ˹ҷ (dis-function)

      駺ؤԡҾѲҧͧͧѧ ǹǹѹѺкͧ кͧ˹ȷҧͧѧẺἹҧ֡Ҵ 觷֡ҡ繻ѨѡӤѭ 繵÷Ӥѭش㹡þѲҺؤԡҾͧѧ֡Ҩ֧繷駡кǹ÷ҧͧ 繷ʴ͡ҧͧͧͧͤ繾ͧ ʶҹ֡ԧǡʶҺѹѲЪҸԻ ˵ع ٨֧繼ҧäѲЪҸԻ¹ͧ (Paulo Freires Education Theory, www.newfoundations.com, 21/8/2014) ֧ ѧ żԵҧ֡Ңͧѧ з˹ҷçѡ¹ŧѲҧͧͧѧ á˹º¡֡ҷҨҡҤͧ ֧觼ŵ͡ҧѲҧͧҧ

      ѧ ҧѲҧͧѧЪҸԻԴͧ仨ҧ֧ͧ繡û١ѧԶժԵҧͧ ͧз˹ҷ㹡ǹѺԴͺ㹷ҧͧѧѺѰ ѰѰż١ҴѴԹ㹷ء繷ҧѧ ҡ蹹繡üѡ䡵ҧ кͺ༴稡 ˵عǺ觪ͧҧ繻ЪҸԻ·Ӥѭ 繾ͧͧѧ (social citizenship) ١§ҹԪҡôҹԪҪվҹ ҡѧͧóҡôҹҧѧСͧ 繾ͧʹ㨻ѭѧСͧ зշѡз軯Ժѵ㹪ԵԧзѲҧͧǹҹ ШС繤سҾͧѰʴҹͧСͺҧ ͧкͺͧС䡡͡駹ͧ

      ÷˹ҷͧͧҹǹСʴѺԴͺ㹡á˹ȷҧͧѧ ֧Ѻ ҹ ͧҡ ͤسҾͧͧ ռŵʶҾͧѧҨҡ§㴹 ѧѺдѺ繾ͧͧѧ ѺçҧѰѰŷ秴 »ѧѡͧ价èѴçҧ Ѱ٭С ҧѰŷ ¡ҧЪҪѲҧͧ ¡дѺФöͧЪҪ繾ͧ 觨ҡʺóþѲҷҧͧѧͧ¹ Ҩ֧Ѱ秷ӹҨҡ 㹴ҹç ЪҪѺ͹ ж١Ǻ§¨ҡӹҨѰ ͡ҡҧͺԡ ҧἹɰԨѧ Ѱ٭ ҹʹյӤѭѺҧ ;ͧҧ ѧҡἹɰԨѧ觪ҵ㹻 2504 繵ҹ ἹѲ ἹѲɰԨӤѭ Ҥѧ١ 繤Ӥѭ㹡 ѲҤ ٹҧ㹡âѺ͹ɰԨἹ Ѻ 8 ѧǷҧԺѵԨз㹻Ѩغѹ ͡ҡ Ѻաûٻͧ㹻 2540 繵աûٻ֡¾Ҫѭѵԡ֡һ 2542 ͹ûٻҧͧҧ ҡ繡ûٻԧçҧкú㹡зǧ֡Ҹԡҹ ͡ҡ ͡зǧ СἹٻ֡з 2 طʵἹաҧҵááʹѺʹع͹ûٻ֡ҧͧ 2553-2561 ʹ 2 ɢͧûٻͧС֡ ֧ͧǢҴʶҾ Ф¢ҴþѲԧسҾ ѲͧͧлԺѵԵ١ͧ ʹͧѺкͧ ʹѺʹعкͧ ҡ˹ػäӤѭ㹡þѲһЪҸԻͧ ˵ط֡Сͧӧҹҧ¡ǹѹµʹ

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