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¡дѺسҾ͡ : ࢵ͡

ҵ ժ

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       ÷褳ѡҤʧ觪ҵ ʪ. ͡㹡͡ҪԡҼ᷹ɮ äͧա÷ӡԨҧͧҧС лСӤѭ͡ԴäͧǹʴԴ㹡ࢵ͡駨չµ͡èѴ͡ҧúҧ

Ѫ

       Ӥѭͧͧ ࢵ͡ (constituency) ࢵ͡ С͡ҪԡҼ᷹ɮ (..) 駹ӤѭùӼšùѺṹ͡駢ͧ ..Ẻࢵ͡駢ͧѤѺ͡оäͧ令Դӹdzӹǹ .. äͧ觼ѤѺ͡Ẻࢵ͡駨ѺҼ᷹ɮ Ѱ٭˹ըӹǹ .. ¤ (500)

       Ѱ٭ѭѵҼ᷹ɮҪԡӹǹӹǹ 500 Ҩҡ͡Ẻࢵ͡ ӹǹ 350 ШҡäӹdzṹͧѤѺ͡Ẻࢵ͡駷Ѻͧоäͧա 150 (¡ Ẻѭª͔) ¡͡͡Ẻ˹š к͡Ẻ "Ѵûѹǹ" ͡ûѹǹṹ͡駷äͧҡ͡Ẻࢵ繨ӹǹ .. Ẻѭªʹ
Ҵ¨ӹǹ ..

       á˹ӹǹ .. ¡ѹͧẺ Ẻ˹ӹǹµ ѺẺ˹µ (˹ѴǹЪҡͤṹ§) ջЪҡá 80 ҹ աá˹ӹǹ .. Ẻµ Ѻ͡§ŧṹ͡ 㹡͡駤شѹ 24 ѹ¹ 2560 .. ӹǹ 709 Ҽ᷹ɮ (Bundestag) з͡͡駤駡͹ըӹǹ 705 Ш .. ͧẺࢵ͡Ẻѭªըӹǹҡѹ Ѻᵡҧҡ С˹ӹǹ .. Ẻ¤ ӹǹ 500 Сͺ .. Ҩҡ͡Ẻࢵ͡駨ӹǹ 350 ШҡẺѭª;ä (party list) ա 150

      ʹյ¡˹ӹǹ .. ִѴǹЪҡѡ .. ˹觤ͻЪҡɮ 150,000 ҧ ҪԡҼ᷹ɮ ش 11 (26 ѹҤ .. 2518 - 12 Ҥ .. 2519) ҪԡҼ᷹ɮâͧ ըӹǹҪԡ 269 Ҩҡ͡Ẻҧç ẺҧࢵѺࢵ ҡ͡ҪԡҼ᷹ɮ繡÷ .. 2518 ࡳɮ 150,000 ͼ᷹ɮ˹觤

Ҵ¨ӹǹɮ
       »Ԩӹǹɮ㹡Ҩӹǹ .. о֧ШѧѴ ¡Ҩӹǹɮµͨӹǹ .. ˹觤 Ẻࢵ͡ ѧ
  1. ѧѴ˹ҧµͧ .. 1 (ӹǹЪҡҡѺ͹¡Ҩӹǹɮõ .. ˹觤)
  2. 㹤駹餳Сá͡ ӹǹɮ÷駻ȵСӹѡ¹ҧ ͧ ӹǹɮ÷ҪҳҨѡ ѡҹ÷¹ɮ ѹ 31 ѹҤ 2560 СҪԨҹມ ѹ 23 Ҿѹ 2561 ӹǹ 66,188,503 繤ѭҵ 65,312,689 ѭҵ 875,814
  3. ӹǹɮµͨӹǹ .. ˹觤 66,188,503 ô 350 (ࢵ͡) ҡѺ 189,110.00857
  4. ҡ鹡ҨӹǹɮҨӹǹ .. Ẻࢵ͡ШѧѴ
  5. ӹǹ ..Ẻࢵ͡駢ͧШѧѴ ֧ࢵ
  6. ࢵ͡ѺѧѴըӹǹ ..Ẻࢵ͡駵ͧ ¡ѡ ҨӹǹɮâͧҡѺ§Ѻ¢ͧӹǹɮõͨӹǹ .. ˹觤 ˹͹ࢵ͡ ҷ ͧ͹ ѧѴ͹ ըӹǹɮ 144,972 繵ާ .ѡࡳҵͧ٧/ӡҤ Թ 10繵 (ҡѺ 18,911 ) óբͧͧ͹蹡еӡҤ = 189,110- 18,911 = 170,190 ó蹹Ҩ仵ѡࡳ ֧ͧԹõѡࡳ
  7. ҵӺŢͧͷ§Һǡ Ͷ§ըӹǹɮ÷ǡ§Ѻ¢ͧӹǹɮõ .. ˹觤 ö¡

       ҧá ¤º . Ҵ¡ࢵ͡ҪԡҼ᷹ɮ оդͤ͢ǡѺࢵ͡ 繵͡ûԺѵ㹡ࢵ͡Դѭҡࢵ͡Ẻº (gerrymandering) ҷ ҡѡɳйзըӹǹɮҡ͹Թ 觡¹蹹 դҡ͡ûԺѵ ֧Ҩ¹㹷ӹͧ ըӹǹɮҡ͹¡Ҥµͨӹǹ .. ˹觤 á˹鹷ࡳ (1) зӹǹɮࢵ͡ըӹǹ§ѹ 觢͹йࢵ͡駷ԴִѡԵʵҡҤ繤㹾鹷ࢵͧͧӺ ¤ࢵͧͧûͧǹͧ

ػ
       ࢵ͡駨繰ҹͧҵǼѤѺ͡駢ͧäͧҪԡŧѤѺ͡ еͧҪԡͧä㹾鹷ͧࢵ͡駹 ʹ仨֧§͡ СͺѺӹǹ .. Ẻࢵ͡ըӹǹŴŧѹԴҡúѭѵԢͧѰ٭ ռšѺҧѧѴ ѧ ࢵ͡駢ͧѧѴ .. Ẻࢵ͡駵ͧ仨֧ͧաࢵºդӵͺ㹡óյͧҧǹͧࢵͧ͡Ѻ »ҡ ҧͶ١¡鹷ͧӺ͡ࢵ͡ ·ѡͧࢵ͡


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