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      ʹյҹ ҧ¤ȵɷҹ ҡἹѲҡ֡ҩѺá (.. 2503 2504) з觶֧Ѩغѹ .. 2561 شӤѭͧþѲҡ֡ ҧѧ;ѲɰԨ (ѧ) ͡ʷѹͧЪҪͧҪҳҨѡ 觷Ҵ ͢Ҵش鹡 ҧӷҧͧ Сûͧ () 㹡 ҪдѺ٧дѺҧ ͿѹͧӤѭعͧ͢úͤաԹբͧЪҪ ʹا觤繸ѧ

      ѧǹ˭ʹ㨨ҧس褹 ʹ㨷е˹Ե¹ ԾҡԨó ǹûٻ֡ ʹҧӷҧҹͧ ѧСúû Դäͧ ѧ ʶҺѹҧѧ-֡ ͡ؤ 繼Ӣͧä ͧͧä ǹʶҺѹҧ֡ ੾дѺԷ ʶҺѹҧʹ ͧ÷ѧҵðҹҧ¸ͧѧ 㹡͹ҹ

      ʹ㨨ФѴ͡-դس 繼Ӣͧ ҵµվ ¨֧͡ ҧ

      кҷ稾лԹԾʹപ çվкҷ 㹺ҹͧ շ駤Ф ÷зء繤... ֧... 餹黡ͧҹͧ...

      ҡдԹͧؤźҷ 㹡ûٻ֡ Ҩ֧äѴ͡ ֡¹Ԫҡ÷繼ը¸ ʵԻѭҷкúûͧ кͧѺѧ դͻȪҵ (ѧҧҹѾ)

      лٻ֡ҧͺ¹ ҹͧԴǧ˹͹ ͻСͺþԨó ͧԨóҡóբͧѧн ٺҧ

      ѧ 繨ѡô (ʹյ) ҷԵʴ ҳҹԤͺš (͹ᵡѧʧš駷 2) ·ͧ͡áѺҹ¹ ȵɷ 19 ѧѺöԪԵͧѾѹ§âͧҹ¹ ..1815 ҹؤԧѹ ¾ѧɼԪԵ ֧ǤӤ ԭк֡Ңͧѧ¹ 㨤 ªз ѹԧԴҡý֡ʹصŢͧյѹ

      ҹؤԧѹ Ҩͧͤ յѹ ç¹ѺԤʡ ҧѧѧ Է͡ Դ Ѻǧ 㹡кǹù ç¹ѺԤʡŢͧѧ¡͹ ºԹ¤ 㹡¹ԪҡèԴҧ ¡ Liberal Education ó ѵʵ Եʵ 繾鹰ҹѺ֡Է ੾͡ Դ 觵㹡ҧȵɷ 19 ԴûٻкҪѧ ʶҺѹ֡ҷѴͧѺҪ㹡зǧ ǧ ͧҪҳҨѡ

      㹢зѧ ç¹ѺԤʡ յѹ ѡٵäԤҧ ó ѵʵ Ѫ Է͡ Դ 繵ç͹ӷ駡ͧТҪ ʡ ѧ ͡ (Grandes Ecoles) ʶҺѹ֡дѺ٧ 鹵¹¹ Ѵ Ecole Polytechnique (͡ ෤Ԥ) ѺԵǡ з觻Ѩغѹաѧ ͡ ա ͼԵдѺ٧ҪҤ͡ ѧ͡ҹ ҵðҹ٧ҧԪҡ 騺Ѹ֡ҵ͹·ءҨöԷ㹽 ¹ʶҺѹ ѧ ͡ ҹ еͧ繼ѹͧ ੾ԪҤԵʵ 觻ѭҪǽӤѭѹѺ˹ й鹨֧աͺѴ͡ҡѧ ͡ Ecole Polytechnique ֧ Ecole Normale Superieure (͡ ) ԵѡԪҡ ҨԷ йѡԨ

      ѧʧš駷 2 ѧѴʶҺѹ֡ҷҧѰʵ (Institut d Etude de Sciences Politiques) 繷ҧ͡ 騺ʶҺѹ觹öͺ¹ͷ ENA (͹) ͨҡ Ecole National d Administration ѡٵ 2 ¹ҹ繢Ҫ Թ͹ ͨ ҡѹѺ 1 15 㹪¹ ö͡ѧѴ˹§ҹ ѧͧѰ (ҪдѺ٧ͧѰ) Ǩäѧ, Ѱ, ʶԵصԸ, зǧõҧ 繵

      ػ ͧ ӹҨ 㹫աšѹ ҨջѪҡӡѺԶժԵᵡҧѹ ѧҨ͹ҧ͹§价ҧԺѵԹ ִʺó繵Ӥѭ㹡õѴԹ ѵʵó ֧դӤѭ㹡¹ з ѷѡԴẺù (deductive) ٪ҵáҧԵʵ (Descarte) 繻ѪҵẺ¹ ֧¡ǡ Cartesian (¹) Ԫǡ֧ԪҷǽӤѭѹѺ٧ кҪýʨ֧ºẺἹ ʶҾ蹤 㹢зͧҨѹǴؤ¡͹ .. 1958

      ҧѧ ¹ҡʺóҡ ͡ҡѧн ͧҡͧͧ͹ ҡкҪ÷ջԷҾ ʹ դҨդ١ͧ㹡÷ͺ͹ѡ¹ ѡ֡͹Ҥ ѰŨ֧͡ҧҨдѺԷ ç¹Ѹ֡ դ 㨷١ͧ ǡѺкͧ Сúû лٻ֡ҧѧҧ еͧ´͡ʵ


From : http://www.fpps.or.th